SOME TRUE FACTS AND SHOCKING STATS ABOUT ORGAN DONATION RATE IN INDIA:
Indians are not only bad organ donors but also averse to accepting brain death as the end of human life. Doctors say most Indian families think their near and dear ones have a chance to recover till their hearts beat. This slow acceptance of brain death — patients who have suffered complete and irreversible loss of all brain functions and are clinically and legally dead — is seriously affecting the country’s organ retrieval program.
Once a patient is declared brain dead, ALMOST 37 DIFFERENT ORGANS AND TISSUES CAN BE HARVESTED, INCLUDING THE MOST IMPORTANT ONES LIKE HEART, KIDNEYS, LIVER, LUNGS AND PANCREAS. DONATION OF AN ENTIRE BODY CAN HELP OVER 40 NEEDY PATIENTS.
On the other hand, ONCE THE HEART STOPS, STALLING BLOOD CIRCULATION, ONLY TISSUES LIKE CORNEA, SKIN, BONE AND HEART WALLS CAN BE USED.
As per Organ Retrieval Banking Organization (ORBO), said, “Indians still find it difficult to accept brain death. When they see an active pulse, a warm body and a beating heart, families think there is still a possibility of the patient coming back to life. A common perception is that a person dies only when the heartbeat stops. “Awareness about brain death as permanent has to be increased.”
The recently passed Transplantation of Human Organs Amendment Act, 2011, has given a big push to brain death. Earlier, brain death wasn’t even diagnosed. Now, the law has cleared the provision of “required request”. Hence, patients admitted in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) will have to be asked by the ICU-in-charge whether she or he has made any request for organ donation.
OUR CURRENT ORGAN DONATION RATE: 0.05 per million population per year.
Our Organ Rate donation compared to other countries:
India – 0.05 per million
Iran – 2.9 per million
Saudi Arabia – 3.3 per million
Poland – 11.0 per million
Sweden – 13.8 per million
UK – 15.5 per million
US – 21.9 per million
Spain – 34.4 per million
Following will be the change we can bring in if we increase the rate of organ donation:
Increase to 1 per million; we would have 1100 organ donors: Hence 2200 Kidneys, 1100 Hearts, 1100 Livers and 2200 Eyes.
Increase to 3 per million; we would have 3300 organ donors: Hence 6600 Kidneys, 3300 Hearts, 3300 Livers and 6600 Eyes.
Increase to 10 per million; we would have 11000 organ donors: Hence 22000 Kidneys, 11000 Hearts, 11000 Livers and 22000 Eyes.
Increase to 20 per million; we would have 22000 organ donors: Hence 44000 Kidneys, 22000 Hearts, 22000 Livers and 44000 Eyes.
Let us pledge to donate our organs at the time of death, the satisfaction and the blessings you and your family gets is beyond compare, it is also a good way to even live after being dead. I would be sharing the importance of donation of 1 vital organ each week in April and request you to kindly spread the word.