Dietary Recommendations For Adults On Dialysis

The following are the dietary recommendations for adults either who are on Dialysis or starting on Dialysis.

Salt & Sodium

Use less salt and eat fewer salty foods: this may help to control blood pressure and reduce weight gains between dialysis sessions.Use herbs, spices, and low-salt flavor enhancers in place of salt.Avoid salt substitutes made with potassium.


People on dialysis need to eat more protein. Protein can help maintain blood protein levels and improve health. Eat a high protein food (meat, fish, poultry, fresh pork, or eggs) at every meal, or about 8-10 ounces of high protein foods everyday.


Unless you need to limit your calorie intake for weight loss and/or manage carbohydrate intake for blood sugar control, you may eat, as you desire from this food group. Grains, cereals, and breads are a good source of calories. Most people need 6 -11 servings from this group each day.


Limit your intake of milk, yogurt, and cheese to ½-cup milk or ½-cup yogurt or 1-ounce cheese per day. Most dairy foods are very high in phosphorus.


All fruits have some potassium, but certain fruits have more than others and should be limited or totally avoided. Limiting potassium protects your heart.

Limit or avoid :
Oranges and orange juice
Water Melons


All vegetables have some potassium, but certain vegetables have more than others and should be limited or totally avoided. Limiting potassium intake protects your heart.

Broccoli (raw or cooked from frozen)
Green and Wax beans (“string beans”)
Peppers-all types and colors

Limit or avoid:
Potatoes (including French Fries, potato chips and sweet potatoes)
Tomatoes and tomato sauce
Cooked spinach

Note: These are general guidelines however your diet may change on case by case based on medical history like Diabetes, Blood Pressure etc…

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